Food For Thought Podcast
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A Gaggle of Geese, a Pride of Lions, a School of Fish, and More Collective Animal Nouns

Do you ever refer to a gaggle of geese, a pride of lions, a school of fish? These are all collective nouns, which are names of a number (or collection) of people, animals, or things taken together and spoken of as one whole. There are hundreds of these nouns of multitude, including those for animals, many of which are deeply embedded in our language despite being several hundred years old. You may refer to a gaggle of geese, a litter of puppies, a flock of ducks, a pride of lions, a pack of wolves, or a murder of crows, but do you know whence they came? Join me today as we dive deep into these little bits of poetry.

Listen by clicking the play button below or by subscribing to the RSS feed or listening through iTunes, Stitcher, or Soundcloud.

Listen to this Podcast Episode

Listen by clicking the play button below or by subscribing to the RSS feed or listening through iTunes, Stitcher, or Soundcloud.

Collective Nouns for Animals

  • An ambush of tigers
  • An array of hedgehogs
  • An army of ants/caterpillars/frogs
  • An ascension of larks
  • A badling of ducks
  • A bale of turtles
  • A ballet of swans
  • A band of coyotes/gorillas/jays/men
  • A barrel of monkeys
  • A barren of mules
  • A bask of crocodiles
  • A battery of barracudas
  • A bazaar of guillemots
  • A bed of clams/eels/oysters/snakes
  • A bevy of quail/roebucks/swans
  • A bloat of hippos
  • A bouquet of pheasants
  • A brace of ducks/grouse
  • A brood of chicks/hens/pheasants
  • A building of rooks
  • A bury of conies/rabbits
  • A business of ferrets/flies
  • A caravan of camels
  • A cast of falcons/hawks
  • A cete of badgers
  • A chain of bobolinks
  • A charm of falcons/finches/magpies
  • A chattering of choughs
  • A clamor of rooks
  • A cloud of gnats/bats/grasshoppers
  • A clowder of cats
  • A cluster of bees/grasshoppers
  • A clutch of chicks
  • A clutter of cats/starlings
  • A colony of ants/beavers/gulls/penguins/rabbits
  • A company of parrots/widgeons
  • A congregation of plover/people
  • A congress of baboons
  • A conspiracy of ravens
  • A convocation of eagles
  • A cover of coots
  • A covey of grouse/partridges/pheasants/ptarmigans/quail
  • A cowardice of curs
  • A crash of rhinos
  • A crowd of people
  • A cry of hounds
  • A culture of bacteria
  • A deceit of lapwings
  • A descent of woodpeckers
  • A dissimulation of birds
  • A dole of doves
  • A down of hares
  • A doylt of swine
  • A draught of fish
  • A dray of squirrels
  • A drift of swine
  • A dropping of pigeons
  • A drove of cattle
  • A drumming of grouse
  • A dule of doves
  • A durante of toucans
  • An earth of foxes
  • An exaltation of larks
  • A fall of woodcocks
  • A family of otter
  • A fesnyng of ferrets
  • A field of racehorses
  • A flight of birds/butterflies/cormorants/doves/goshawks/swallows
  • A flink of cows (12+)
  • A float of crocodiles
  • A flock of geese/lice/sheep
  • A fluther of jellyfish
  • A gaggle of geese
  • A gam of whales
  • A gang of buffalo/elk
  • A gatling of woodpeckers
  • A generation of vipers
  • A grist of bees
  • A gulp of cormorants/magpies
  • A harras of horses
  • A herd of buffaloes/curlews/elephants/horse/kangaroo/pigs/wrens
  • A hide of tigers
  • A hive of bees
  • A horde of gnats
  • A host of sparrows
  • A hover of trout
  • A hum of bees
  • A husk of hares/jackrabbits
  • An intrigue of kittens
  • An intrusion of cockroaches
  • A kennel of dogs
  • A kettle of hawks
  • A kindle of kittens
  • A kine of cows
  • A knot of snakes/toads
  • A labour of moles
  • A lamentation of swans
  • A leap of hares/leopards
  • A leash of foxes/greyhounds
  • A litter of cubs/pigs/puppies
  • A mask of raccoons
  • A mob of kangaroos/emus
  • A murder of crows/magpies
  • A murmuration of starlings
  • A muster of peacocks
  • A mustering of storks
  • A mutation of thrushes
  • A mute of hounds
  • An obstinacy of buffalo
  • An ostentation of peacocks
  • A muster of storks
  • A mute of hounds
  • A nest of hornets/mice/rabbits/vipers/wasps
  • A nye/nide of pheasants
  • A pace of asses
  • A pack of hounds/rats/wolves
  • A paddling of ducks
  • A pair of horses
  • A pandemonium of parrots
  • A parade of elephants
  • A parliament of owls/rooks
  • A party of jays
  • A passel/parcel of hogs
  • A peep of chickens
  • A piteousness of doves
  • A pitying of turtledoves
  • A pladge of wasps
  • A plague of locusts
  • A plump of waterfowl/wildfowl
  • A pod of boar/dolphin/seals/walrus/whales
  • A pounce of cats
  • A prattle of parrots
  • A prickle of hedgehogs/porcupines
  • A pride of lions
  • A quiver of cobras
  • A rafter of turkeys
  • A rag of colts
  • A ramuda of horses
  • A rhumba of rattlesnakes
  • A richness of martens
  • A romp of otters
  • A rookery of penguins
  • A rout of wolves
  • A rumpus of baboons
  • A run of poultry
  • A rush of pochard
  • A school of fish/porposes
  • A scold of jays
  • A sedge of cranes
  • A shiver of sharks
  • A shoal of bass/pilchards/shad
  • A shrewdness of apes
  • A siege of cranes/herons
  • A singular of boars
  • A skein of geese/pheasants
  • A skulk of foxes/larks/quail
  • A sleuth/sloth of bears
  • A smack/smuth of jellyfish
  • A sneak of weasels
  • A sord of mallards
  • A sounder of wild swine/boars/foxes
  • A span of mules
  • A spring of teal
  • A squabble of seagulls
  • A stand of flamingo
  • A stench of skunks
  • A streak of tigers
  • A string of ponies/horses
  • A stud of mares
  • A swarm of ants/bees/eels
  • A team of horses/ducks/oxen
  • A swarm of bees
  • A thunder of hippos
  • A tiding of magpies
  • A tittering of magpies
  • A tok of capercaillie
  • A totter/tower of giraffes
  • A tribe of goats/monkeys/dotterel
  • A trip of goats
  • A troop of baboons/monkeys/kangaroos
  • A turn of turtles
  • An ubiquity of sparrows
  • An unkindness of ravens
  • A volary of birds
  • A wake of buzzards/vultures
  • A walk of snipe
  • A warren of rabbits
  • A watch of nightingales
  • A wedge of geese/swans
  • A wing of plovers
  • A wisdom of owls
  • A wisp of snipe
  • A yoke of oxen

MY Short List of Collective Nouns for Animals (LIST YOURS BELOW!)

Enjoy my own made-up Nouns of Multitude, my Terms of Animalia, and I encourage you to submit your own in the comments below.


















More Podcast Episodes about Animals & Language

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Each cooking class is fully interactive. While I am demonstrating, you can chime in with comments, questions, and ooohs and ahhhs the entire time. Not only does this increase connection among the students, both my assistant and I see your questions and make sure we answer all of them.
You can participate in the class using Zoom on your computer, tablet or mobile device.
Upon completing your registration, you receive your confirmation email, which includes the link to our Zoom class, along with information and recipes. Each class is officially a go once a minimum number of slots are filled — at which time the recipes appear on the document. My goal is to have the recipes available to you at least 5 days before the class to give you enough time to order / shop for ingredients, should you choose to cook along.
While I love to see the faces of my students, the use of video during the live class is optional. NOTE: Even if you opt to show your video, for the class recordings, which go out to the general public as on-demand classes, NO ONE'S video is shown except for mine.
We do our best to prepare you in advance so you are ready for when the class begins. If you have issues during the class, my assistant is there to help you. Sometimes it's an issue on the user side, and when there's an issue on my side, we do our best to mitigate it right away. One of the benefits of live classes is that they're in real time, which means it's a live feed. Sometimes technical issues are out of our control, but so far, we've never had any real issues that took away from the purpose of the class.
Absolutely! Unless something goes horribly wrong (and it rarely does), each class is recorded, and students receive the class recording within 2 days of the live class.
While I do send a reminder email out a couple days before our class, I encourage you to add the class to your calendar as soon as you register.
Some students love being able to cook along; some students love to just watch. It is entirely up to you how you want to enjoy the class.
You can decide in advance which dishes you want to cook along with. You might choose to cook along for just one of the dishes or all of them. Whatever you decide, I suggest you have your mise en place all ready. That is to say, have all the ingredients measured and prepped as much as possible. (Mise en place is a French culinary phrase meaning "everything in its place.”)
Ultimately, what we take away is based on what we give, so I encourage you to be present and engaged in the class. But, for my part, if you know me, you know I'm pretty passionate about many things, and I can’t help bringing my love of food, history, language, animals, film, literature, and food lore to each class. My aim is that you walk away with a richer understanding of food, cooking, and eating than before you arrived. More than that, you will get helpful step-by-step instructions about each dish I'm demonstrating and a clear up-close view of all the ingredients and procedures. The best part is that I, too, make mistakes, and you see me make them live in real time. That's how we learn the most.
I'm thrilled to say that many students are regulars and repeats, and you will no doubt get to know some fabulous people when you attend these classes. I encourage engagement and follow-up, including posting photos, questions, and comments on our private Facebook page. Many friends and family members join from different cities, then share a virtual meal with each other once the class is over. (That makes my heart sing.) So, yes, despite being online the classes foster connection.
I have found that 90 minutes is the ideal amount of time to spend in a virtual class. It gives us time to settle in and for you to ask questions throughout without feeling rushed. It also gives us time to enjoy an occasional bonus cocktail by our resident mixologist (my adorable husband), but we like to honor your time and keep the classes to 90 minutes.
Absolutely! Once you are registered and the class is a go, you are officially enrolled. That means the recipes, resources, video recording, and even the chat transcript are yours to enjoy. You will receive a follow-up email whether you are in the live class or not.
Because the value of the classes includes exclusive recipes and resources as well as the live class / video recording, once a class is officially a go and you get access to the recipes, you cannot be refunded. However, if the class does not meet the minimum sign-up threshold and I cancel the class, you have the option of getting a full refund or switching to a different class. (This is one of the reasons I don't share the recipes until I know we've reached the minimum threshold.)
After the live class is over and enjoyed by students in real time, each class gets converted into an on-demand class so that others may enjoy the recipes, resources, and video recording. Most live classes become on-demand classes within 2 days.
No animal products are ever used in my recipes, so yes, all the classes are vegan / plant-based, which means nothing that comes out of or off of an animal. I've written three cookbooks (The Joy of Vegan Baking, The Vegan Table, and Color Me Vegan), and two lifestyle books (Vegan’s Daily Companion and The 30-Day Vegan Challenge), which also include recipes. I'm also always testing and developing new recipes (as well as modifying and perfecting old ones) to make sure students get the best, clearest, easiest-to-follow recipes — qualities that have become trademark in my work.
While living compassionately and consciously is not about being perfect, and while some students may not have access to the same bulk stores and package-free ingredients as me, I make an effort in my classes to use (and promote) as little packaging and plastic as possible, which is why so many of my recipes and menus are for how to cook and bake homemade and from-scratch!
My classes span a huge range, and your suggestions are always welcome: *Different types of cuisines (Italian, Thai, Asian, Mexican, etc.) *Particular ways of cooking and eating (Quick & Easy, Oil-free, By Color/Phytochemicals, ) *Cooking with specific appliances (Air-Fryer, Pressure Cooker, Slow Cooker / Crockpot, etc.) *Homemade from scratch (Seitan, Tempeh, Tofu, Miso, Nut Cheeses, Nut Butters, etc.) *Various holidays and seasons (Mother’s Day, Easter, Passover, Christmas, Thanksgiving, Summer, Fall, etc.) *Focused on meals (Packed Lunches, Breakfast, Brunch, Fancy Dinner, Quick Dinner, etc.) *Cooking with specific foods/ ingredients (Aquafaba, Beans, Spices & Herbs, Greens, Lentils, Grains, etc. *Baking from scratch (Pizza Dough, Breads, Pretzels, Bagels, and Biscuits, Cakes, Pies, Cobblers, etc.) *And everything in between.
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